The Bronx is the northernmost borough of New York City, with Manhattan immediately to the southwest and Queens located immediately to the south. Out of all of the boroughs, the Bronx is the only one not situated on an island, although there are a number of islands which belong to the Bronx. Bronx is simultaneously a borough and a county, and the county is known as Bronx County.
Demographics of The Bronx
The Bronx is the fourth most populous borough in New York City, with a population only larger than Staten Island. The Bronx is also fourth in area, ahead of only Manhattan. Although the Bronx is ranked fourth in population, it still has a population nearly one million larger than Staten Island, making it the third densest borough.
The population density is highest near Manhattan, with a large number of high rise condominiums. The population near the center of New York is one reason why the area has often been referred to as The Concrete Jungle, but this is actually somewhat of a misnomer. As you get further and further away from Manhattan, the borough has many more single family homes and smaller condos and apartment complexes. Riverdale is the most affluent neighborhood in the Bronx, overlooking the Hudson River on the northern cliffs of the borough.
Employment in The Bronx
In the last 20-30 years, the economy of the Bronx has grown dramatically. In fact, the Bronx is growing more quickly in an economic sense than any other borough besides Brooklyn. The Bronx has a large stake in tourism, with some of the most notable attractions in the city, such as Yankee Stadium, the New York Botanical Gardens and the Bronx Zoo.
Most people that work in the Bronx are employed by small businesses: eighty percent of businesses in the borough have no more than ten employees.
History of the Bronx
The Bronx is a historically complex area. Before the twentieth century, most of northern Bronx was held by just a small number of land holders, and quickly expanded in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In the early twentieth century, Bronx grew quickly in population with an influx of European immigrants, especially from Ireland and Italy. Around the mid-twentieth century, the areas started to see a large amount of immigration from the Caribbean, as well as a growing African American population.
Over the course of the next couple of generations, the Bronx fell into a decline marked by poverty and violence, but over the past twenty five years, the borough has seen a cultural and economic resurgence. Today, the Bronx is a beautiful and engaging place to visit with lots to see and do. The Bronx probably hit its lowest point around 1990, but criminal activity has dropped by around 75% since that year.
The South Bronx is also undergoing a cultural Renaissance, with many in the New York art community flocking to the neighborhood. There are a large number of art facilities in the area, such as the Bronx Museum of the Arts, the Pregones Theater, and the Hagan St. Phillip Gallery. This area also features the largest collectives of Latino, Caribbean, and African American artists in New York City.
Parks of the Bronx
One thing that many people from outside of New York don’t realize is that in spite of its population density, the Bronx has an immense amount of Park space. In the late 19th century, many of the large land owners of the Bronx made the decision to donate large portions of their estates to the public for use as parks and green spaces.
Bronx Park is one of the largest in the borough, stretching across 718 acres. The largest park in New York City is also located in the Bronx: Pelham Bay Park. This park is located on the northeast edge of the Bronx and takes up an astounding 2,772 acres.